Mosque Manners

Spitting in the mosque

Anas bin Malik (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Spitting in the mosque is a sin, and its expiation is that the spittle should be buried in earth.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Mosques are holy and meant for worship, remembrance of Allah, recitation of holy Quran and many other acts of piety. So it’s very important to keep it neat and clean. Therefore, it is prohibited by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to spit in the mosque. But to atone for spitting in the mosque, one should bury the spittle in earth, but this applies when the floor of the mosque is covered with earth. As this is not the case today, one should wipe the spittle off or wash it off with clean water.

Maintaining the Sanctity of the mosque

Anas (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “It is not proper to use the mosque for urinating or easing oneself. They are merely built for the remembrance of Allah and the recitation of the Qur’an”, or as he stated. [Muslim]

One should not by any means try to violate the sanctity of the mosques.

Inquiring in the Mosque

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “If anyone hears a man inquiring in the mosque about something he has lost, he should say: ‘La raddaha Allahu ‘alaika (May Allah not restore it to you),’ for mosques are not built for this purpose.” [Muslim]

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah said, “When you see someone buying or selling in the mosque, say to him: ‘La arbaha-Allahu tijarataka (May Allah not make your bargain profitable)!’ When you see someone announcing something lost in it, say: ‘May Allah not restore it to you!”‘ [At-Tirmidhi]

Prohibition of reciting poems

Amr bin Shu’aib on the authority of his grandfather (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) prohibited (us) from buying and selling in the mosque; (he also prohibited us from) making announcement in it about something lost and from reciting poems in it. [Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi]

Recitation of such poems is prohibited which relate to love stories and romantic tales otherwise there is no harm in reciting poems in mosques which relate to the Oneness of Allah, obedience of His Prophet (PBUH), and other subjects meant for the improvement of Muslims.

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About Playing Daff (tambourine)

The Prophet (PBUH) said, “The distinction between what is lawful and what is unlawful is the song and the tambourine (daff) at a wedding.” [Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 3153 narrated by Muhammad ibn Hatib al-Jumahi]

Commentary

Every musical instrument is declared unlawful by the Messenger of Allah (saws) except the ‘daff’ (tambourine). Playing daff is permitted only for women in some occasions such as marriage and eids. However, it is not allowed for men to play the daff according to the predominant opinion of the scholars, because men in the era of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) never did that.

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Daff (Tamborine)

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Prohibition of Keeping a Dog except as a Watchdog or Hunting Dog

Ibn ‘Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, He who keeps a dog other than one for guarding the fields or herds or hunting, will lose two Qirat every day out of his rewards.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “He who keeps a dog, will lose out of his good deeds equal to one Qirat every day, except one who keeps it for guarding the fields or the herd.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

We learn from these Ahadith that it is permissible to keep dogs for hunting and security of herds and farms but not for any other purpose. If anyone does so, he will be losing a Qirat (a unit of measurement) or two from his rewards every day.

Hadith on Jannah

Hadith on Jannah

The Dwellers of Jannah

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Prohibition of Consultation with Soothsayers

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Predicting Future

‘Aishah (RA) said: Some people asked the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) about soothsayers. He (PBUH) said, “They are of no account.” Upon this they said to him, “O Messenger of Allah! But they sometimes make true predictions.” Thereupon the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “That is a word pertaining to truth which a jinn snatches (from the angels) and whispers into the ears of his friend (the soothsayers) who will then mix more than a hundred lies with it.”

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Commentary

Soothsayers, astrologers and foretellers have similar characteristics but with a slight difference. All of them make predictions about the future. But the curiosity that arises in the minds of a common man is that how do they do it. In the above hadith, Prophet Muhammad (PBUHH) notified us about it:

The narration in Al-Bukhari is: “The angels descend in the clouds and mention matters which has been decreed in heaven; Satan steals a hearing (listens to it stealthily) and communicates it to the soothsayers who tell along with it a hundred lies.” Soothsayers overhear some jinn and disclose the secret to people which would sometimes prove true, because the jinn’s source of information was Satan who sometimes stole away some information from the angels.

But after the proclamation of the Prophet (PBUH) it was made impossible for jinns and satans to overhear anything in the skies. Nowadays, the future tellers make predictions on the basis of certain signs and circumstantial evidence which can go wrong or right. Whatever the source might be to determine the future, it’s unlawful and strictly forbidden by Islam. If anything predicted by these means comes by chance true, it does not furnish any justification for their validity.

 

Ahadith on Prohibition of Drawing Portraits

  • Ibn ‘Umar (RSsaid: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Those who draw pictures will be punished on the Day of Resurrection; and it will be said to them: ‘Breathe soul into what you have created.”‘ [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  • ‘Aishah (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) visited me after returning from a journey, and I had a shelf with a thin cloth curtain hanging over it and on which there were portraits. When he saw it, the colour of his face changed (because of anger) and he said, “O ‘Aishah! the most grievous torment from Allah on the Day of Resurrection will be for those who imitate (Allah) in the act of His creation.” ‘Aishah said: We tore it into pieces and made a cushion or two cushions out of that.
    [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  • Ibn ‘Abbas (RA) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, “Every painter will go to Hell, and for every portrait he has made, there will be appointed one who will chastise him in the Hell.” Ibn ‘Abbas said: If you have to do it, draw pictures of trees and other inanimate things.
    [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  • Ibn ‘Abbas (RA) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, “Whosoever makes a picture, will be punished on the Day of Resurrection, and will be asked to infuse soul therein, which he will not be able to do.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  • Ibn Mas’ud (RA) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, “Those who will receive the most severe punishment from Allah on the Day of Resurrection will be painters (of living objects).” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  • Abu Hurairah (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “The Almighty Allah said: ‘Who is more an oppressor than him who goes to create like My creation? Let him make an ant or a grain of corn or a grain of barley.”‘ [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

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