The Islamic Calendar

The Islamic calendar or Hijri calendar is a lunar calendar followed by the Muslims. It consists of twelve months in a year of 354 or 355 days based on the phases of moon. Although Muslims follow the Georgian calendar mostly, yet the lunar calendar holds significance importance in their lives for instance because on the affirmation of the beginning of the lunar months relies all those worship that are bound with time (`Ibādāt al-Mu`aqqata).

Names of Months

The 12 months of the calendar are:


The Islamic lunar calendar, was first introduced in 638 AD by the second Caliph (Khalifa in Arabic), `Umar ibn Al-Khattab. The starting point of the calendar however was set to about sixteen years earlier, to mark the Hijrah — i.e. the time of emigration of the prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina. The actual starting date for the Calendar was chosen to be the first day of the first month (1 Muharram) of the year of the Hijrah.


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