The Merits of providing a Fasting Person for Breaking Fast

Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhani (RA) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “He who provides a fasting person something with which to break his fast, will earn the same reward as the one who was observing the fast, without diminishing in any way the reward of the latter.” [At-Tirmidhi]

Anas (RA) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) came to visit Sa’d bin ‘Ubadah (RA) who presented bread and olive oil to him. The Prophet (PBUH) ate it and said, “The observers of fast have broken their fast with you (this is the literal translation, but the meaning is: ‘May Allah reward you for providing a fasting people with food to break their fast’); the pious people have eaten your food and the angels invoked blessings on you.” [Abu Dawud]

Umm ‘Umarah Al-Ansariyah (RA) reported: Once the Prophet (PBUH) visited us and I served him some food. He (PBUH) asked me to eat. I replied that I was observing (optional) fast. He (PBUH) said, “When people eat by a person observing fast, the angels keep asking Allah’s forgiveness for that person until they have had their fill.” [At-Tirmidhi]

Commentary:

The ahadith tells us about the merits of two deeds that is

1)      Providing something to eat or drink to the person observing saum (Fasting) for breaking it. and

2)      A person who is himself observing Saum but serves meals to others.

The merit of a person who provided a fasting person something for breaking fast is same as the person who keeps the fast, without diminishing in anyway the latter’s reward.  On the other hand if a fasting person serves meals to others has angel’s praying blessing for him. Likewise angels pray to Allah for forgiveness when people eat by person observing fast 

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